Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions
Promoting Public Health
Did You Know?
- Public health deals with the health of whole populations, rather than the health of individual people.
- Advances in public health are mainly responsible for the increased life expectancy at birth, which averages 75 years for men and 81 for women.
- The United States Public Health Service, the main health agency of the federal government, dates to a 1798 law establishing hospitals for seamen in the merchant marine.
- Experts regard vaccines as the most cost-effective way of preventing infectious diseases.
- A vaccine for HIV, the virus responsible for AIDS, could have major impact on public health, especially in sub-Sahara Africa, where more than 2 million new HIV infections occur annually.
- More than 60,000 people in the United States die annually from bacterial infections that are resistant to antibiotics.
|Life expectancy in the 20th Century rose by about 30 years. Advances in protecting the public health were responsible for about 25 of those precious years. Vaccination programs. Improved sanitation to better control infectious diseases. The development of antibiotics. Better prenatal care. And much more. Scientists are making strides toward sustaining that progress by fostering continued improvements in the health of the population as a whole.
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Science for Kids
Hands-on activities for aspiring young chemists
More Activities about Nutrition
A Magazine for high school students.
Chemical imbalances in the brain can be involved in depression. How do chemicals like Prozac rebalance that brain chemistry and bring relief for millions of people suffering from the disease?
Meet the tiny paper strip with two enzymes and 16 reagents that can perform 10 urinalysis tests in under two minutes and help diagnose a host of medical conditions.
Careers in Chemistry
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS®)
SciFinder®, a research tool produced by CAS (a division of the American Chemical Society), found 4678 references published this year on the broad topic of antibiotic resistance. Analysis of the answer set shows current research related to better understanding the primary mechanisms by which microorganisms develop or exhibit resistance to antimicrobial drugs, how medicinal chemists are using those insights in developing ways to attack these microbes, and studies on individual organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile.
The CAS databases cover references from more than 10,000 major scientific journals and 57 patent authorities worldwide.
ACS Policy Statements and Briefings
In the News
- EPA perchlorate decision flawed, say advisers
Rebecca Renner ES &T, December 3, 2008
- Search For AIDS Vaccine Ramps Up
C&EN, November 17, 2008
- Happy Birthday, Love Canal
Erika Engelhaupt ES &T, November 13, 2008
- Detecting a new PCB in Chicago air
Catherine M. Cooney ES &T, November 12, 2008
- Perchlorate and iodine: a novel focus on newborns
Rebecca Renner ES &T, September 17, 2008
- The continuing uncertainty of nano risks and regulations
Rhitu Chatterjee ES &T, September 10, 2008
- Microbes in the air near swine farms more or less
Barbara Booth ES &T, October 8, 2008
- Do compact fluorescent bulbs reduce mercury pollution?
Erika Engelhaupt ES &T, September 24, 2008
- New Antiretrovirals
C&EN, September 22, 2008
- Cocaine from drains in Spain
Naomi Lubick ES &T, August 6, 2008
- New flame retardants detected in indoor and outdoor environments
Kellyn Betts ES &T, August 6, 2008
- Fertilizer phosphate demands could corrode water safety
Rebecca Renner ES &T, August 6, 2008
- In a changing climate, cities worsen water quality
Erika Engelhaupt ES &T, July 8, 2008
- Imminent Threat
C&EN, April 14, 2008
- Keeping It Clean
C&EN, April 23, 2007
- Science Diet
C&EN, December 10, 2007
- Many books have been written in the past few years about promoting public health. These books offer an amazing variety of opinions and viewpoints. Information on many of these books is available from the Library of Congress, http://catalog.loc.gov/
Sources for this podcast
- Identification and Network of Outer Membrane Proteins Regulating Streptomysin Resistance in
Journal of Proteome Research, September 2008
- Distinguishing Abiotic and Biotic Transformation of Tetrachloroethylene and Trichloroethylene by Stable Carbon Isotope Fractionation
Environmental Science & Technology, October 15, 2007
- Mechanistic and Structural Analysis of Aminoglycoside N-Acetyltransferase AAC(6′)-Ib and Its Bifunctional, Fluoroquinolone-Active AAC(6′)-Ib-cr Variant
Biochemistry, September 16, 2008
- Novel Dual-Targeting Benzimidazole Urea Inhibitors of DNA Gyrase and Topoisomerase IV Possessing Potent Antibacterial Activity: Intelligent Design and Evolution through the Judicious Use of Structure-Guided Design and Stucture-Activity Relationships
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, September 11, 2008
- Coevolution: Mankind and Microbes
Journal of Natural Products, March 2008
- Prevalence and Detection of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals: A Mini Review
Industrial Engineering and Chemistry Research, February 6, 2008
- Desperately Seeking New Antibiotics
Science, September 19, 2008
- Identifying molecular changes in the chromophoric dissolved organic matter of oxidized waste streams
236th ACS National Meeting Abstracts, August 2008
- Role of stable isotopes in environmental forensics
236th ACS National Meeting Abstracts, August 2008
- Consecutive reaction monitoring desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for rapid authentication of potentially counterfeit Tamiflu capsules
235th ACS National Meeting Abstracts, April 2008
- Ten Great Public Health Achievements – United States, 1900-1999
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 2, 1999.
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