Chemical Storage Resources
A major cause of laboratory accidents is improper storage of chemicals. We compiled the following list of sources to provide guidance in establishing a storage program.
- Guide for Chemical Spill Response Planning in Laboratories
- Pipitone, D. A., “Safe Storage of Laboratory Chemicals,” 2nd ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1991, ISBN 0-471-51581-7
- Young, J., Ed., “Improving Safety in the Chemical Laboratory: A Practical Guide,” John Wiley, New York, 1991, pp 203-217
- National Research Council, “Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals,” National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1995, pp 72-77
- Cornell Laboratory Safety: Laboratory Inspection Manual
Storing incompatible chemicals near each other can cause fire, heat, toxic gases, corrosion, etc. See the following for compatible chemical storage tips:
- “Bretherick’s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards,” 5th ed. (2 vol.), Urben, P.G., Ed., Butterworth-Heinemann, Newton, MA, 2000 (available on CD-ROM)
- NOAA's Chemical Reactivity Program (based on EPA's Hazardous Waste Compatibility Chart). Chemical Reactivity Worksheet - This is a free program to find out about the reactivity of substances or mixtures of substances. It includes reactivity information for>4,000 common hazardous substances. This worksheet is a free program you can use to find out about the reactivity of substances or mixtures of substances.
Peroxide formers are a special concern. Richard Kelly’s work on peroxides is classic. See:
- Kelly, R. J. “Review of Safety Guidelines for Peroxidizable Organic Chemicals,” Chemical Health & Safety. Sept./Oct. 1996, pp 28-36
- Kelly, R. J., Miller, G. “Standard for Storing and Using Peroxidizable Organic Chemicals,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Publication UCRL-AR-133218, rev May 1, 1999
- Peroxide information, Cornell University, Environmental Health and Safety
- SafetyNet #23 Peroxide Formation in Chemicals, University of California at Davis
A great deal of information can be obtained from material safety data sheets. MSDSs can be found at the following sites: