This Week in Chemical History
Week 36: Sep. 3 – 9 (Archive)
- Frederick G. Donnan, born 1870, researcher in theory of membrane equilibria (Donnan Equilibrium); research in chemical kinetics.
- Jacobus H. van't Hoff completes famous 11-page treatise on the tetrahedral carbon atom in 1874, marking the birth of stereochemistry.
- Coca Cola Company incorporated in 1892.
- John Dalton, born 1766, proposed atomic theory; discovered law of multiple proportions, "Dalton's law of partial pressures" (1801); discovered pressures of saturated vapors of all liquids have same value at boiling point.
- John J. R. Macleod, born 1876, codiscovered insulin; Nobel Prize in Medicine (1923).
- Luis J. Leloir, born 1906, isolated glucose 1,6-diphodphate and uridine diphosphate glucose; cosynthesized trehalose (1953) and sucrose (1955); isolated uridine diphosphate acetylglucosamine and guanosine diphosphate mannose; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1970).
- Alexandre Butlerov, born 1828, researcher on structural theory of organic chemistry; first to use term chemical structure; synthesized polymer of formaldehyde.
- F. August Kekulé, born 1829, conceived ring structure of benzene (1865), described tetravalence of carbon and structural theory of organic chemistry (1858); synthesized acetylene (1864).
- Viktor Meyer, born 1848, discovered thiophene, oximes, and vapor density method.
- John W. Cornforth, born 1917, researcher on stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1975).
- Derek H. R. Barton, born 1918, conducted research in conformational analysis and free radical reactions; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1969).
- First "Star Trek" telecast in 1966.
- Aleksandr E. Arbuzov, born 1877, studied organophosphorous compounds and rearrangement of phosphite esters (Michael-Arbuzov reaction).
- Westinghouse laboratories announced discovery of konel, a cobalt-nickel alloy in 1929.
- Albert Ghiorso and Glenn T. Seaborg announced discovery of element 106 at University of California, Berkeley, in 1974.